” He also says “No, no; that’s what I said: the Basic Lie that
The Wild Duck
Mr. Flor, a dinner guestThe first act opens with a dinner party hosted by Hkon Werle, a wealthy merchant and industrialist. The gathering is attended by his son, Gregers Werle, who has just returned to his father’s home following a self imposed exile. There, he learns the fate of a canada goose clearance sale former classmate, Hjalmar Ekdal. Hjalmar married Gina, a young servant in the Werle household. The older Werle had arranged the match by providing Hjalmar with a home and profession as a photographer. Gregers, whose mother died believing that Gina and Hkon had carried on an affair, becomes enraged at the thought that his old friend is living a life built on a lie.
The remaining four acts take place in Hjalmar Ekdal’s apartments. The Ekdals initially appear to be living a life of cozy domesticity. Hjalmar’s father makes a living doing odd copying uk canada goose jobs for Werle. Hjalmar runs a portrait studio out of the apartment. Gina helps him run the business in addition to keeping house. Canada Goose Outlet They both dote on their daughter Hedvig. Gregers travels directly to their home from the cheap canada goose uk party. While getting acquainted with the family, Hjalmar confesses that Hedvig is both his greatest joy and greatest sorrow, because she is slowly losing her eyesight. The family eagerly reveals a loft in the apartment where they keep various animals like rabbits and pigeons. Most prized is the wild duck they rescued. The duck was wounded by none other than Werle, whose eyesight is also failing. His shot winged the duck, which dived to the bottom of the lake to drown itself by clinging to the seaweed. Werle’s dog retrieved it though, and despite its wounds from the shot and the dog’s teeth, the Ekdals had nursed the duck back to https://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca good health.
Gregers decides to rent the spare room in the apartment. The next day, he begins to realize that there are more lies hanging over the Ekdals than Gina’s affair with his father. While talking to Hedvig, she explains that Hjalmar keeps her from school because of her eyesight, but he has no time to tutor her, leaving the girl to escape into imaginary worlds through pictures she sees in books. During their conversation, Gregers hears shots in the attic, and the family explains that Old Ekdal entertains himself by hunting rabbits and birds in the loft, and Hjalmar often joins in the hunts. The activity helps Old Ekdal cling to his former life as a great hunter. Hjalmar also speaks of his ‘great invention’, which he never specifies. It is related to photography, and he is certain that it canada goose uk shop will enable him to pay off his debts to Werle and finally make canada goose coats on sale himself and his Canada Goose Coats On Sale family completely independent. In order to work on his invention, he often needs to lie down on the couch and think about it.
During a lunch with Gregers and Hjalmar’s friends Relling and Molvik, Hkon arrives to Canada Goose Jackets try to convince Gregers to return home. canada goose uk black friday Gregers insists that he cannot return and that he will tell Hjalmar the truth. Hkon is certain that canada goose store Hjalmar will not be grateful for Gregers’ intervention. After he leaves, Gregers asks Hjalmar to accompany him on buy canada goose jacket a walk, where he reveals the truth about Gina’s affair with his father.
Upon returning home, Hjalmar is aloof from his wife and daughter. He demands to handle all future photography business by himself with no help from Gina. He also demands canada goose coats to manage the family’s finances, which Gina has traditionally done. Gina begs him to reconsider, suggesting that with all his time consumed he will not be able to work on his invention. Hedvig adds that he also will not have time to spend in the loft with the wild duck. Embittered by Gregers’ news, Hjalmar bristles at the suggestion and confesses that he would like to wring the duck’s neck. Indulging his mood, Hjalmar confronts Gina about her affair with Hkon. canada goose black friday sale She confesses to it, but insists that she loves Hjalmar intensely.
In the midst of the argument, Gregers returns, stunned to find that the couple are not overjoyed to be living without such a lie hanging over their heads. Mrs. Srby arrives with a letter for Hedvig and news that she is marrying Hkon. The letter announces that Hkon is paying Old Ekdal a pension of 100 crowns per month until his death. Upon his death, the allowance will be transferred to Hedvig for the remainder of her life. The news sickens Hjalmar even further, and it dawns on him that Hedvig may very well be Hkon’s child. He cannot stand the sight of Hedvig any longer and leaves the house to drink with Molvik and Relling. Gregers tries to calm the distraught Hedvig by suggesting Canada Goose Parka that she sacrifice the wild duck for her father’s happiness. Hedvig is desperate to win her father’s love back and agrees to have her grandfather shoot the duck in the morning.
The next day, Relling arrives to tell the family that Hjalmar has stayed with him. He is appalled at what Gregers has done, and he reveals that he canadian goose jacket long ago implanted the idea of the invention with Hjalmar as a “life lie” to keep him from giving in to despair. The pair argue as Hjalmar returns to gather his materials to work on the invention. He is overwhelmed by the number of details involved in moving out of the apartment. Hedvig is overjoyed to see him, but Hjalmar demands to be ‘free from intruders’ while he thinks about his next move. Crushed, Hedvig remembers the wild duck and goes to the loft with a pistol. After hearing a shot, the family assumes Old Ekdal is hunting in the loft, but Gregers knows he has shot the wild duck buy canada goose jacket cheap for Hedvig. He explains the sacrifice to Hjalmar who is deeply touched. When Old Ekdal emerges from his room, the family realizes he could not have fired the gun in the loft. They rush in to see Hedvig lying on the ground. No one can find a wound, and Relling has canada goose uk outlet to examine the girl. He finds that the shot has penetrated her breastbone and she died immediately. Given the powder burns on her shirt, he determines that she shot herself. Hjalmar begs for her to live again so that she can see how much he loves her. The play ends with Relling and Gregers arguing again. Gregers insists that Hedvig did not die in vain, because her suicide unleashed a greatness within Hjalmar. To that uk canada goose outlet end, Gregers takes up residence in the Ekdal Home.
He meddles in the affairs of a strange family, producing disastrous results. Figuratively speaking, he lives in a house whose closets are full of skeletons. Over the course of the play the many secrets that lie behind the Ekdals’ apparently happy home are revealed to Gregers, who insists on pursuing the absolute truth, or the “Summons of the Ideal”. This family has achieved a tolerable modus vivendi by ignoring the skeletons (among the secrets: Gregers’ father may have impregnated his servant Gina then married her off to Hjalmar to legitimize the child, and Hjalmar’s father has been disgraced and imprisoned for a crime the elder Werle committed.) and by permitting each member to live in a dreamworld of his own the feckless father believing himself to be a great inventor, the grandfather dwelling on the past when he was a mighty sportsman, and little Hedvig, the child, centering her emotional life around an attic where a wounded wild duck leads a crippled existence in a make believe forest.
To the idealist all this appears intolerable. To him as to other admirers of Ibsen it must seem that the whole family is leading a life “based on a lie”; all sorts of evils are “growing in the dark”. The remedy is obviously to face facts, to speak frankly, to let in the light. However, in this play the revelation of the truth is not a happy event because it rips up the foundation of the Ekdal family. When the skeletons are brought out of the closet, the Canada Goose sale whole dreamworld collapses; the weak husband thinks it is his duty to leave his wife, and the little girl, after trying to sacrifice her precious duck, shoots Canada Goose online herself with the same gun (overhearing the fatal words from Hjalmar: “Would she lay down her life for me?”). One of the famous quotes from the doctor Relling who cheap Canada Goose built up and maintained the lies the family is founded on is “Deprive the average human being of his life lie, and you rob him of his happiness.” ”
Different translations use different words for the “life lie”. In Eva le Gallienne’s translation, Relling says “I try to discover the Basic Lie the pet illusion that makes life possible; and then I foster it.” He also says “No, no; that’s what I said: the Basic Lie that makes life possible.”
On a symbolical level, Gregers and Relling seem to be opposites (the virtue of truth against the “basic lie”). The two seem to canada goose factory sale have confronted each canada goose other at several cross roads, and the play ends with an exchange, almost a wager between the two over the possibilities of Hjalmar and his future. In this respect, Relling is a cynic who is not able to think Hjalmar canada goose clearance will ever change, while Gregers still thinks there is hope for his eventual “redemption”.
Before the play starts, Gregers worked on a plant in the mountains, and is accused by Relling (present there as well), of “intriguing” with the local serfs (actually commoners). Thus, there is a canada goose outlet toronto factory social criticism in the play, where Gregers is trying to get in touch with common men, whilst his father is mingling with high society figures a setting in which his friend Hjalmar Ekdal is a stranger, and his father, disgraced by old Werle, is ignored by his son amongst his betters. From a social rather than a symbolic point of view, Gregers is trying to root out an unhealthy system, arguing that “truth shall set you free”. In that respect, Relling, plotting with old Werle, is an advocate for the same Canada Goose Online system, and initially the opposite of Gregers (who, like Hamlet, is trying to get the truth out).
One could argue that Gregers would feel responsible for the Ekdal family and their plight, as this is an apparent consequence of his fathers manipulations and schemes. Early on, he mentions that his mother obviously died from neglect, or was driven into alcoholism by her husbands actions. As old Werle points out: “you see me with the eyes of your mother”. Hedvig was the name of his sister, with whom he was very close, who in turn was named for their maternal grandmother, Hedevig Paus (1763 1848).
The character Old Ekdal is considered to be based on Ibsen’s father, Knud Ibsen.Produced by Arthur Hopkins, the first English language production of opened March 11, 1918, at the Plymouth Theatre in New York City. The three act dramaran through April 1918..